Musculoskeletal medicine is the examination, diagnosis and treatment of non-surgical lesions of the musculoskeletal system (i.e. disorders of joints, ligaments, muscles and tendons; the means by which we move). The term has evolved from the original ‘orthopaedic medicine’ that defined the specialism founded at St Thomas’ Hospital by Dr James Cyriax. He developed a logical system of assessment, aiming to identify musculoskeletal disorders accurately and quickly. More
The specialty has grown and developed exponentially over recent years as the treatment of musculoskeletal disorders in sport, the workplace and everyday life has become increasingly commonplace. The advancement of imaging (MRI, CT) and the integration of available evidence ensure the discipline continues to inform practice and benefit patients.